Although most of our posts are centered around horses, we do see other large animal species. For this post I thought I would address some of the most common and preventable nutritional diseases of goats and sheep that we see. Around this time of year is when kidding season occurs. Who can resist the cuteness of a baby goat, or a baby lamb. Many of you have either acquired one of these little bundles of joy, or know of someone who has. As many of you know young kid goats are some of the most friendly and social animals out there. Our first inclination as owners is to feed them grain, because they love it, and we love them. And since we are in southern California the most common hay is alfalfa, and they love that too. Unfortunately too much grain can lead to a nutritional disease called Polioencephalomalacia, and in young male castrated goats alfalfa hay and or grain can lead to urinary stones. The following articles give a more in depth explanation of these two very preventable diseases.